A great deal of literature has been produced highlighting the importance of culture as a part of language teaching. As a result of this growing awareness, many textbooks, teacher resources and guides have been produced to assist teachers, like me, who want to raise students’ awareness of culture but are a little unsure about how to do it. A cursory glance will show that a large number of these textbooks and resources deal with culture in very superficial ways. Yet, what do teachers at Japanese universities believe regarding culture? Is there consistency in the ways culture is viewed and understood? This paper will look at some of the different dimensions of culture and present preliminary results of a project to delve deeper into how culture is understood and used in language classes at Japanese universities.