Event Reports

Event reports from our chapters and SIGs.

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Niigata Chapter

Saturday, April 8, 2017
by Howard Brown

Date: 8 April 2017

Topic: Current Trends & Future Developments on Language Education

Presenter Contact Information: brown@unii.ac.jp, The University of Niigata Prefecture

Brief Biographical Information:
Has been working at The University of Niigata Prefecture from 2009 until the present. A prolific publisher involved in CLIL and has a published book forthcoming.

Remarks and Lecture Content:

The scholastic environment in changing according to Mr. Brown. His research involves what will be coming into the classroom in 5 - 10 years and beyond.

Opening Getting to Know You Activity
- Survey with different answers (see attached)

Core of the activity is what changes will take place in the future, in 5 - 10 or more years into the future, and will the changes have a direct or indirect effect on classroom teaching.

Brainstorming occurred in 2 groups with 4 members.

Howard Brown made note that period of study abroad being evaluated was getting shorter and shorter compared to the more lengthy (1 academic year) periods previously enjoyed by students studying abroad.

The amount of students going to the US and UK is falling; however, student short trips are on the increase to other countries as well as scholarships becoming more available.

The ‘when’ of students studying abroad is changing:
- Number of high school students is on the rise while the number of 1st and 2nd year college students is decreasing
- Number of students who have been abroad is higher than ever before
- Students to Malta and the Philippines for English study is on the rise
- Not always English, Chinese study is becoming more and more popular

The number of International students is on the rise
Also increasing is the number of special needs students
There is a pronounced turn toward recruiting more internationals students as a larger pool of students as a percentage of the overall student population

Uncovering problems in traditionally taught courses in Japanese high schools and universities
- Largely input driven
- Students lack ability to synthesize information
- Lack of critical thinking skills

Key Demographic Changes
- Japanese population on decline
- Sweeping effect on education

What is the Future of on-line education
- Rise of Skype run English classes
- http://eikaiwa.dmm.com/material/ English learning services

Points regarding Teaching English in English (TEE)
- Students are coming to university with more English interest
- More skills
- More confidence

Other consequences of educational trends:
- Absorption of under-enrolled schools’ student populations into remaining institutions
- Overall lowering of overall student competency level due to lower-tiered schools disappearing and their students being absorbed my higher-tiered schools/institutions

Impact of ADHD, ADD, and other special needs students
- Instructors lack information and skill needed for most special needs students
- Teachers need training!

Technological Implications
- Most instructors untrained for competent technology use
- Many previously text based sources have gone on-line
- More tech in being used in class
- More fear of plagiarism due to lack of skill in using on-line databases for citation
- Conclusion?
- Get trained!

Reported by Matthew Diaz
Saturday, January 28, 2017
by Andy Boon

Summary of Andy Boon's Presentation - 28 January 2017

Presenter Contact Information:
Mr. Andrew Boon
Toyo Gakuen University
E-mail: andrew.boon@tyg.jp

Getting Students to do Research

Approach to Research

Why do projects? (Answers submitted by audience members)
- Cooperative - Improve student buy-in - Active learning
- Different from normal class - Interdependent projects
- Related to a product @ the end - Responsibility among peers
- More minds = more creative projects - Meta-cognitive benefits
- Encourages work beyond classroom - Not just textbook work
- Real world skills - Social skills - Autonomy

Answers Supplied by Mr. Boon
- More opportunities to use English for research purposes
- Integrated language & content - Four skills integration
- Student centered - New roles & responsibilities - Cooperative aspect
- Product, not just process - Motivating experience

Which classes were the research projects conducted in?

Academic Learning & Professional Skills (ALPS) (2nd → 4th year students)
- Pre-Intermediate → Intermediate
1st Year College (English Communication)
- Global Interaction, Japan with other countries
News Media (1st years)
- Pre-Intermediate → Intermediate
- Journalism oriented
British Culture (1st years)
- Pre-Intermediate → Intermediate
Core Speaking (1st years)
- Intermediate

Example of an ALPS Research Topic
Should people in Japan work less?

What Skills Do Students Need to Be Successful?
(Answers submitted by audience members with Mr. Boon’s answers also added)
- Academic Writing - Interview styles - Background reading
- Comparing statistics (Japan and the rest of the world)
- Presentation skills -- making slides -- conducting Q&A sessions -- Logical flow -- Keeping to time
- Large enough sample for comparison
- Planning
- What Questions to Ask
- Research Techniques

Project work can help unify students

Project - Set-up
- Introduce project to students (Lessons 1-8)
- Explain criteria for evaluation
- Research proposal OR Choose a theme from a provided list
- Decide a research topic / Develop a research question
- (Optional) “So what?” Test
- Discuss their project thoroughly
- Develop a research plan
- 1st & secondary data, etc.

Facebook integration to check research proposals

Sample Themes
- Effects of Alcohol (4th year)
- Why do Japanese people admire America (3rd year)
- Culture of Christmas in the UK (1st year)

Monitoring
- Progress Reports → Data collection, primary questions
- Facebook groups to get feedback
- Constant updates
- Deadline reminders

Collecting Data
- Primary data collection
- Questionnaires, interviews, observation
- Tie to real class experience
- Survey Monkey
- Has a Japanese interface available
- Secondary data collection
- Books, newspapers, magazines, and the internet
- Facebook as an option for data collection

Sharing Research Findings
- Written Assignments
- Poster Sessions
- British Culture Powerpoint
- Mobile Audience
- Benefits of Repetition → Higher student confidence
- Unique → finale to course
- Change of environment for students

Student Feedback
- Positive
- Choose my own topic
- English outside class
- Reading about topic
- Improved speaking & writing skills
- Share useful information with peers
- Poster design
- Small audience for presentation
- Less intimidating with an intimate audience
- Not so good
- Difficult to choose theme / theme was boring
- Not enough time ~ super important to time right
- Limited responses to questionnaire
- Public speaking
- Writing the assignment
- Risky topic ~ needed courage
- Missed other presentations

Over to You
Participants were asked to discuss the following themes:
- What classes would you like to use research projects in?
- For project-based instruction what are the:
- Advantages / Disadvantages

Reported by Matthew Diaz
Saturday, October 15, 2016
by Martin Sedaghat

Martin's interactive lecture/workshop on Art in the Language Classroom was a well-attended, interesting, and fun presentation. After reassuring participants that we didn't have to be "good" at art, Martin started off the talk with a memory activity. Then, he proceeded to answer his main questions which were "What is 'art' in the language classroom?" "Why is visual communication important?" and "How can students benefit from making their own art?" Each question was followed by a numbers of reasons and hands-on activities, such as game cards, an "art gallery" activity, a sentence-drawing activity, feeling cards swap, and a guided visualization. The time went by quickly as Martin showed us how pictures can be used to increase not only students' language fluency, but also their accuracy. He also provided a useful book recommendation. All in all, it was a great way to spend an afternoon!

Reported by Melodie Cook
Sunday, May 8, 2016
by
Asako Kajiura
Greg Goodmacher

Although it was a lovely sunny Mother's Day, a sizeable group came out to hear Asako and Greg speak.

Asako's presentation focused on a problem that many teachers have these days: working in institutions which struggle to attract students, thus admit low-level students who have cognitive, developmental, or emotional disabilities. Such students also don't necessarily want to be in English classes and teaching them can be very challenging if teachers are unsupported by their institutions. Asako tackles this situation by teaching real world survival skills through English. Using graded readers as source material, she asks students to complete book reports in order to help them improve skills such as punctuality, reliability, and self discipline, as well as computer and organizational skills which will help them in their future places of work. She has found that students are generally positive about what she asks them to do because they can work at their own pace and receive individualized attention. She recommends that teachers working with such students ask their institutions for a teaching assistant if the numbers of students are high.

Greg offered principles that teachers can follow when choosing or adapting materials for their classes in order to ensure that students are learning language skills in addition to content, depending on the context. Greg asked attendees to brainstorm about different kinds of materials, including students' own imaginations, and how they can be mined for language activities. Using examples from courses he has taught, He then showed us how experiential learning can connect what goes on in classes with the real world. Another way of motivating students he showed us was to personalize discussion questions. Greg also advocates activities which stimulate critical thinking and that teachers use statistical sources that are up-to-date, such as those available through the Internet.

Reported by Melodie Cook
Saturday, April 9, 2016
by Lesley Ito

It was a gorgeous day outside, but many opted to stay indoors to hear Lesley Ito's talk. Lesley introduced her presentation by sharing with the group how she came to CLIL. She then defined it and explained how it is more common in Europe than in Asia. After that, she listed the advantages of using CLIL with young learners. This was followed by the elements of a good CLIL lesson; Lesley demonstrated that using examples from her own classes. One particular example she gave us was one in which she explained the process by which mummies are made by throwing her internal organs all about the room. She also showed us some very useful resources and even off-campus activities that students could do consolidate their learning. The talk ended with a short discussion on how teachers of other kinds of students could use CLIL in their own classes.

After the talk, we enjoyed ourselves at the sake museum, followed by a delicious dinner at a local izakaya.

Reported by Melodie Cook
Saturday, January 23, 2016
by Joseph Falout

Joe braved the cold and came all the way to Niigata to give his talk to a receptive audience. To start off, he asked participants to rearrange the seating in order to work more easily with a partner and feed back to the whole group. Joe asked us to talk about our past experiences as language users; that set the scene for Joe's focus on "academic emotional baggage" which students carry. Backgrounding the presentation with research in positive psychology, Joe explained that students' negative prior experiences with language learning may result in their being demotivated. He showed that students' past selves influence the choices they make along the long path to language learning. Especially, he looked at different types of errors that people make when allowing past experiences to influence their present judgment. Following this, Joe recommended a series of strategies that teachers can use to help students avoid the pitfalls of misapplying their past selves to present situations, such as cherishing good moments, reframing negative ones, and creating temporal self-continuity. He then offered several practical suggestions for ways teachers could do this. Following the talk a few of us went for dinner with Joe and introduced him to Niigata specialties, especially sake!

Reported by Melodie Cook
Sunday, October 18, 2015
by Atsushi Iida

Although it was a beautiful fall day, many came to hear Atsushi Iida speak on problems of traditional EFL pedagogy in Japan, the teaching of haiku, and implications and suggestions for doing so. He first gave background about the limitations of traditional grammar translation and audio-lingual teaching methods in Japan, with their focus on memorization of grammar and vocabulary. He then made the case for teaching haiku to help students transition from knowing about English to being able to use it. Sharing his own personal and contrasting experiences of being a "good" student in both Japan and the United States, Atsushi showed how traditional methods focus on linguistic knowledge at the expense of the learner as a human functioning in society. By teaching English through haiku, a familiar genre to Japanese students, teachers, he argued, can help students lower affective filters and take risks using the English they know. Atsushi then gave a quick definition of haiku and shared how each person interprets haiku differently; thus, haiku offers a chance for students to present their voices. Atsushi shared student-made and several of his own (sake-related) haiku with us and then we were encouraged to brainstorm ideas and write our own, which we shared with a partner in a pair review exercise which served to strengthen writer-reader interaction. Some members then volunteered to read their haiku to the whole group. Atsushi concluded by saying that haiku has value in that it promotes linguistic knowledge, genre-specific knowledge, and cultural knowledge. The high degree of participation attested to the presentation and workshop's usefulness and the group's high degree of interest in it.

Reported by Melodie Cook

Okayama Chapter

Saturday, January 9, 2016
by Chad Godfrey

Godfrey started off the year with a very informative and interesting presentation. Following a brief history and explanation of Content and Language Integrated Learning (CLIL), he proceeded to discuss the benefits of the approach as experienced at Saitama Medical University (SMU), which had introduced CLIL six years ago.

The workshop covered the basics of CLIL it’s pros and cons, and a brief review of the CLIL research carried out at SMU. Additionally, he shared several activities he has used with first-year Japanese students to help produce better language output. The second part of the workshop covered more “hands-on” planning. This included a planning a CLIL unit via a step-by-step lesson procedure. All in attendance felt that this was a engaging and valuable presentation.

Reported by Jason Lowes
Saturday, October 17, 2015
by
Peter Burden
Neil Cowie
Thomas Fast
John Rucynski
Ritsuko Uenaka
Rob Waring

The panelists (Peter Burden, Neil Cowie, Thomas Fast, John Rucynski, Ritsuko Uenaka, and Rob Waring) provided a roundtable discussion and spoke about the publishing process from the initial idea to create a textbook through to the final production phase. Many illustrative anecdotes from personal experience were shared to help the audience fully understand the pros and cons of various forms of publishing. Following the discussion, a lively Q&A section provided a chance to delve deeper into the subject. All in all, it was a very fruitful exchange.

Reported by Jason Lowes
Saturday, September 26, 2015
by
Luc Gougeon
Carlous Ochante

Gougeon and Ochante illustrated the challenges of setting up an ICT environment. They covered good Web 2.0 practices, the creation of a dedicated ICT space, the use of Google applications for language learning and class management. Furthermore, the speakers addressed the use of SNS to connect teachers with students and the new IT TA (teacher assistant) program which supports efforts to set up a rich ICT environment.

Reported by Jason Lowes
Saturday, July 11, 2015
by Charles Browne

Browne opened with an overview of his considerable background in Extensive Reading (ER), vocabulary acquisition and in technology and how this has led to the development of the New General Service List (NGSL) of important vocabulary words for students of English as a second language. He next outlined some of the problems with the current educational environment in Japan, primarily that students are not being presented with a sufficient number high frequency words which is leading to lower ability and lower confidence levels. Reading texts that students encounter are too difficult for them to be able to guess the meaning of new words from context. Browne highlighted the need to expose students to texts with which they have a 95% confidence level at minimum. Teachers need to teach important high frequency words and it is with this in mind that the NGSL has been developed. He continued by explaining the methodology of how the NGSL was created - the corpora from which it is based. Browne is keen to see the NGSL become easily accessible, so it is freely available and it has been incorporated in a variety of online learning tools. Browne also spoke about intensive and extensive reading in the Japanese HS environment. All too often overly the use of overly difficult texts has led to a vicious downwards circle. Intentional vocabulary study in conjunction with extensive reading is needed. He closed his presentation by providing an in depth review of online tools and how, with the advent of smartphones, students can be engaged more easily that ever.

Reported by Anton Potgieter

Okinawa Chapter

Wednesday, April 12, 2017
by Suzanne Gundermann

After the previous day's successful introductory lecture a larger audience gathered for this exciting workshop.
The 90-minute workshop was aimed at university teaching staff who are currently teaching content in English (or planning to do so in the near future), University teaching staff who are teaching English language courses in English
and secondary school teachers who are teaching English language classes in English.

Dr Gundermann led the workshop by first disambiguating what exactly "English-taught" means and then showing teachers how to identify the influence of diversity in their classrooms. She then spoke about how to identify some of the common pitfalls and challenges in class and how they can be avoided using pre-class measures and in-class measures. She finally showed the audience how to enhance comprehension in class using interaction in class and communicative micro-methods.

In this highly interactive workshop groups were given various tasks which raised their awareness of the challenges of studying and teaching in an non-native language they were also introduced to various strategies that could help to limit language-based challenges.

Dr. Gundermann's workshop was informative, challenging and professional and a boon to any educator that attended.

Reported by Justin Foster-Sutherland
Sunday, February 12, 2017
by Michael Stout

A small crowd gathered to join in this three-part workshop. We were first introduced to a free online learning management system called Coursebase, Following that we were shown the pros and cons of using this LMS for academic writing instruction. Though the LMS is not feature rich the features it does have are quite useful for academic writing.
Next we were shown an example of academic reading circles which used Google Docs, it was fascinating to see the interesting take the students took on classic literature.
In the third part the we were shown how speaking classes benefit from action research. We were shown how we can incorporate these ideas into our own situations.
All in all this was a wonderful workshop and there was something relevant for any teacher at a university or any other institution for that matter.

Reported by Justin Foster-Sutherland

Shinshu Chapter

Saturday, April 23, 2016
by
Dr. Sue Fraser
Gregory Birch

SHINSHU: April – Teaching Presentation Skills: Process, Content, Performance, Evaluation. Presentations are a common activity in communicative English teaching in many contexts, ranging from simple in-class activities, to higher stakes speech contests and business presentations. How can teachers develop these skills in their learners in a systematic way? In an engaging and interactive presentation, speakers Gregory Birch and Dr. Sue Fraser shared their comprehensive approach to teaching presentation skills, first breaking content creation into six sub-components, including purpose, audience, and message. Together, they illustrated how these key concepts can be applied in both product and process approaches to teaching presentation skills through three examples: a self-introduction, a tourism-themed presentation for senior high school and college speech contests, and a formal product introduction for ESP learners. Fraser demonstrated the stages used to develop the first two presentation types, and Birch used examples of a local company/product introduction presentation, requiring learners to construct their speeches based on a model and analysis of its organization. Performance aspects of presentations, divided into voice, behavior, visuals, and ‘other,’ were then discussed, and a system for marking performance cues on a script was introduced. Finally, issues surrounding giving feedback, clarifying evaluation criteria, and the weighting of content and performance elements were considered. This included ideas for peer evaluation and active listening by assigning specific roles to different students in the audience (e.g. writing advice or asking questions). This in-depth and comprehensive treatment of presentation skills offered expert guidance for anyone involved in helping language learners to engage in public speaking.

Reported by Joe Mecha
Sunday, March 6, 2016
by Chiyuki Yanase

Yanase presented a “learning” (as opposed to “learner”) centered story-based approach for teachers of young learners. Before introducing the three basic segments of this approach (pre-story, core and follow-up activities), she discussed the reasons for using stories, factors involved in choosing them and different types of storytellers.

Yanase then had participants try a variety of pre-story activities including picture description, vocabulary games, prediction, word-mapping and story circles to arouse interest in the story. For the core segment, she recommended reading the story numerous times using various methods, starting with mainly the teacher reading and gradually progressing to more student involvement by asking them questions, having them complete sentences and doing shared reading, among other activities. For follow-up, Yanase introduced sequencing using picture cards, drawing pictures based on target vocabulary, post-story discussion, story cubes and acting out. All of these activities culminated in “Tell your story for a minute”, in which learners tell their own stories multiple times to multiple partners, improving with each time.

Participants came away with a myriad of practical, enjoyable ideas as well as a wealth of resources for learning through stories.

Reported by Mary Aruga

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